Tuesday, August 29, 2017

Transkei [1st Post]

New Entries

Some weeks ago,I decided to take a look at the Portuguese market , to some small sellers I know for long in the I bought some stamps, and among them two lots captured my attention... they were from Transkei and Bophuthatswana... I have heard one or two times about Transkei , but the other Country was completely new to me...You can say that's a sign of ignorance, and I accept it , but I really was not aware of the existence of Bophuthatswana... We will talk a little about the background history of Transkey, but for now I need to say that most of these stamps have common subjects and interests to other of some of the Countries of the region,such as Tanzania, South Africa, Gambia, Zimbabwe, etc...

Transkei : I will transcript entirely the paragraph about Transkei, that is on my South African Stamp Catalog (I'll leave you here also a photo of it..)

" Transkei was granted internal self government in 1963. According to the Native Land Act of 1913 , property should be reserved entirely for Native Occupation and Ownership.

The Republic of Transkei was established on 26 October 1976 , being the first of the so called 'Homelands' ; internationally , this process was not recognized (..) but the stamps were valid on International Mail... the region was re-incorporated into the Republic of South Africa in 1994. "

well, let us start the presentation of some of these stamps I bought , chronologically as usual...

This first group of 6 stamps belong to the 1st Definitive series of stamps from the Republic of Transkei.. as you can see , the illustrations show us some of the industrial and/or Cultural activities of the country... the stamps are [Litho] printed, and below the vignette ( we can see easily that there is an absence of frames in the stamp...) there is at the left a label reminding us what is the illustration representing and at the right the name of the Designer, that will turn to be very familiar as We continue our post...the name is A.H. Barret and as we will see , this Artist is almost Omnipresent in Transkei Philately , with a very diversified work....
1976 "1st Definitive Issue" (14) [Des (A.H. Barret)][Litho] Sc(5a,6a,7a,9a,12a,14a)

Very nice piece of work..! 3 stamps beautifully engraved by someone , perhaps by our A.H. Barret , that it is the designer we can see this a much more difficult work than the previous ones , the hands are beautifully designed and it is a difficult topic to design (that is what experts say...) and all the many details are quite good... very nice work.!!!
1977 "Help the blind" (3) [Des (A.H. Barret)][Engr ()][Litho] Sc(38,39,40)

Here is another series designed by A.H. Barret...this time, the stamps are focused on Waterfalls... if You see the stamps carefully ,we will find that 3 of them are based on paintings from another Artists,and just one of them , the 10c stamp, is a genuine painting by A.H. Barret...I want to pick this small detail to talk a little about the theme 'What is a stamp Designer??'... in this case, for example , why is A.H.Barret considered to be the stamp Designer if the paintings are not made by him...?? the answer is that the stamp designer is the man that idealize the stamp,where to put the vignette, is the stamp going to have frames, what will be the color of the labels, where to put them, the early days of the XX century , the labels were designed, the vignette was made for the stamp itself, illustration, frames and labels were hand designed carefully to build the idea that we wanted to , we have photos and computer generated labels, but we still have to idealize the stamp ,, to know where to put all the items to make it coherent... This is in our days the work of the Stamp Designer (In my opinion...).
1979 "Waterfalls" (4) [Des (A.H. Barrett)(paintings by Boum 20c and Coogan 4c,15c)][Litho] Sc(62,...,65)

Another point that I want to emphasize is the high quality of these [Litho] printings... this is visible in this series , with very nice designs again of our friend A.H. Barrett.. it is evident that we are facing a very good stamp illustrator with ability to design almost whatever he wants to ....
1979 "Child Health" (3) [Des (A.H. Barrett)][Litho] Sc(66,...,68)

now we have a tourism series that is completely focused on the Oceanic coast of has without doubts, and seeing by these pictures, many places to see and a very nice coastal region to visit... this is again work of Barrett and we can see more of his ability to painting landscapes, already showed in the Waterfall series...very nice..!
1980 "Tourism Series" (4) [Des (A.H. Barrett)][Litho] Sc(83,...,86)

This is a series about the headdresses of the native people of Transkei ,the Xhosa...if you look to the stamps with attention to the detail you will easily find that the printings are, again, very good and You will find a 2nd name after the known A.H. Barrett.. in this case I think that it is the name of the man who took the photos that became models for the illustrations of Barrett... 
I didn't find much about Barrett's life in the Internet (and that is the main reason of the nonexistence of a post about him in my Artinstamps blog..) , but many about his work , stamps, paintings and illustrations...however I found a piece of text with some Biographical interest that I leave here for a better comprehension of the man behind the Artist....

«Known in the art world as A H Barrett, Barry was a talented fine artist. Born in England, he immigrated to South Africa as a young man. He earned his living painting portraits, illustrating books, calendars, postage stamps and taking almost any commission that was offered. Birds, ships, fish, snakes, city-scapes, people  whatever he painted, Barry did it to perfection. He used a plethora of reference books, photographs and skins of birds and other creatures borrowed from museums, to ensure his paintings would stand up to scrutiny by pedantic scientists. He spent endless hours ensuring that measurements, colors and minute details were accurate. In three consecutive years, his work won third, second and finally first prize as Best Stamp Design, judged worldwide.»
1981 "Headdress of Xhosa Women" (4) [Des (Aubrey Elliott)(A.H. Barret)][Litho] Sc(87,...,90)

this is the only series I have in this group of stamps , that is designed by other Artist, and it is focused on Famous personalities of all times important for the development of Medicine... the series is called Heroes of Medicine and was designed by John Meyer...
I must say that all these stamps from Transkei are in my opinion top quality stamps,with good designs and printings.. 
1982 "Heroes of Medicine" (4) [Des (John Meyer)][Litho] Sc(97,...,100)

These are stamps from the 2nd Definitive Series of 1984/1990... beautiful stamps again, with scenes from the day to day work, ceremonial dances and other cultural events... A.H. Barrett is again the designer...
1984/1990 "2nd Definitive Issue" (22) [Des (A.H. Barrett)][Litho] Sc(129,...,132,133,...,135,139,140,141,142,143,144,145,146,147)

We are just ending the post , but I will not leave without saying that I was very happy to have found these group of stamps from Transkei that introduced me to the work of yet another Great Illustrator , painter and Stamp Designer...I'm just beginning to see some of his work and I am already thinking in the thousands of stamps he must have designed...  
Well,  I hope Your time was well spent , seeing these stamps, and travelling with me to another remote part of our Beloved Stamp World.!!..


Thursday, August 10, 2017

Brazil Stamps [5th Post]

New Entries

Today's post will be focused in Brazil stamps,, lots of them..!.. I will show them chronologically as usual, and a great part are new entries for series with other stamps I have showed before or I had already in the collection... so ,the post it will be confusing , for a new viewer,but with many beautiful stamps...

To start,I have the highest value of a series from 1894... it is a very famous series,with 6 different designs,representing the "Sugar Loaf" Mountain , the Head of Liberty and Mercury... this is , as I said,the highest value and I cannot restrain myself from saying that this is an ugly stamp!! I don't understand why such a long neck?? it is surprisingly long,isn't it?? (my ignorance ,perhaps!!??) ..
Catalogs talk about a Purple & Gray stamp but I think that the black exists also in the stamp,so we must be dealing with a tri-colored stamp (when we are talking about colors ,our opinions are all valid views of the same reality... even the catalogs don't talk about the same colors!!!..[ purple & grey or lilac grey & black ])..
The stamps of this series could present different perforations and papers , and we are talking about several redrawn series ,some of them with several types for each design (for the head of liberty, for example..)...So ,it is a series that we must approach with caution and if we want to have it well classified ,if it is important to us , then we should have here a difficult series to complete with many stamps to buy,most of them apparently identical...
1894 "Sugar Loaf Mountain, Liberty and Mercury" (11) [Litho] Sc(124)

[Left]  Beautiful stamp showing a Portuguese Navigator, D.Carlos I (the Portuguese King in those days..) , the Liberty wearing the Brazilian flag and President Afonso Penna of Brazil... at the distance , numerous ships navigating the waters of one of the many Brazilian Ports... for a thematic collector , this is one of those stamps with many points of interest ...Both these two stamps I'm showing now are engraved and printed by ABNC and designed by Henrique Bernardelli ,active in the Design of Brazilian stamps from 1906 to 1909...
1908 "Centenary of the Opening of Brazilian Ports to Foreign Commerce" (1) [Des (Henrique Bernardelli)][Recess (ABNC,New York)] Sc(190)
[Right] Here we have the Emblems of Peace, Industry and Commerce together in just one stamp ,commemorating the Rio de Janeiro 1908 National Exhibition... it is again a very nice single colored stamp... very beautiful..
1908 "Rio de Janeiro National Exhibition" (1) [Des (Henrique Bernardelli)][Recess (ABNC,NY)] Sc(191)

[Left] a very "Art Nouveau" influenced design showing us the Allegoric figure of Justice...
1927 "Centenary of the Law courses" (2) [Des(P. Moraes)][Typo] Sc(288)
[Right] The focus of this stamp is the introduction of the Coffee in Brazil,that turn out to be one of the main Cultural, Industrial and Commercial activities of the fact Brazilian coffee is known through out the world as one of the Best...
1928 "Bicentenary of the Introduction of the Coffee plant in Brazil" (1) [Des (L. Campos)][Typo] Sc(292)

[Left] for me ,this is one of the stamps that is in that group reserved only to the best designed ...we have to remember that this is a single color stamp,and if we see it carefully we will find that it is almost like a simple drawing in a piece of paper,drawn fluently and without many worries about the perfection of lines or with the final is like a work of the moment.. very beautiful indeed...! 
the Angel  wings were already an indicative ,but if we look at the top corners of the stamp we find references to Bartolomeu de Gusmão and Santos Dummont,both pioneers of aviation ,so this would always be for sure an Air Stamp (catalogs were not needed..)[just joking..!]
1934 "AIR MAIL" (1) [Des (L. Campos)][Engr (Mario D'Oglio)][Recess] Sc(386)
[Right] another drawing that could be done at a coffee Table ,while drinking  some beers with friends (.!!) is very,,very simple and the result in this case was ,in my opinion,not the best...there is too much imperfection and lack of detail.. it was not the best effort..
1937 "Tercentenary of the foundation of Cametá" (2) [Recess] Sc(420)

Were we talking of lack of detail and Imperfection ??? 
1937 "Tourism Propaganda" (4) [Recess (Waterlow and Sons, London)], Sc(446,447)

 [Left][Right] these two stamps are both commemorating the New York World Fair , but one is from the first series issued in 1939 and the other from the 2nd series,issued in 1940.. The NY World Fair had in fact taken place in 1939 so these were actual stamps, commemorating something very actual... in the 400r orange stamp we have a beautiful design of Washington ,and it has a very familiar look, because it was done by ABNC,NY itself...some vignettes of US stamps couldn't be much better..!! in the red 5000r we've got a right profile of Brazilian President is also a [Recess] printed stamp and the engraving seems very nice to me..
1939 "NY World Fair (1st Series)" (4) [Recess (ABNC,NY)] Sc(480)
1940 "NY World Fair (end Series)" (3) [Des (L. Campos)][Recess] Sc(497)

[Left] We have here a series commemorating a cattle Fair ... there are some points to be taken with attention when dealing with this series... the perforation and the wmk... I could not resolve the wmk problem,because it is of difficult visualization " at naked eye" ,but I can tell You that the wmk have the words "BRASIL CORREIO" surrounded with stars.. the problem is that in same cases the letters have 7mm high and other 5mm high... the difference is this,and if You can see clearly the Wmk,perhaps You can identify it properly....I could not do this , again!!! 
these are 2 stamps designed by a man that deserved much more than it had... it is for now a dead man or a very old man, it has designed hundreds of stamps for Brasil and there is even a single biographical data of him or a photo or something in the Net.. there are many  other cases like him in the world of Stamp designing [ he almost for sure worked for the Casa da Moeda in Brazil..] his name is/was Bernardino da Silva Lanceta... 
1942 "2nd Agricultural and Cattle Show,Uberaba" (2) [Des (Bernardino Lanceta)][Engr (W.B. de Freitas)][Recess] Sc(535,536)
[Right] Unfortunately, I have now one more PDSMID ("Please don't show me in detail") stamp to show... it is one of those stamps that look OK in a first view but we should not look it in detail !! Ahhh!! the faces, always ,the faces..!! they look very bad ! we rapidly  regret our impulsive decision of click in the image... the first opinion we have of the stamp was far much better than the last one we have after see it more closely...!
The stamp itself present us Bartolomeu de Gusmão showing to some people his new Flying Machine...
1944 "AIR MAIL / Week of the Wing" (1) [Recess] Sc(C60)

The Victory series of 1945 in each one of the many Allied countries in the World was in some cases very beautiful..I could remember here some examples , but we have here and now a group of 5 beautiful Brazilian stamps and so we must talk a little about it... the violet 20c stamp talks about something related with the feeling we get when thinking about somebody we use to know but that unfortunately died, is a feeling , we Portuguese and Brazilians, call SAUDADE (the word is also used in some more different occasions...) in this case 'Saudade' from those who died in WWII... the 2nd stamp is about the Glory of the Winner, the 3rd represents the Victory announced by Angels playing trumpets while the Flags of the United alliance tops many of the symbols of the human Achievement... the 4th stamp present us the Rainbow announcing again times of Peace and Prosperity and the 5th and last stamp is focused on cooperation and in some kind of AIR Line (I don't really understand it)...never mind!!
1945 "Victory of Allied Nations in WWII" (5) [DEs (L.Campos 20c)(M.F. Pinheiro 40c,5$)(J.R. de Souza 1$,2$)][Engr (W.B. de Freitas 20c)(F. Ferruzi 40c)(Mario D'Oglio 1$,5$)(J.R. de Souza 2$)][Recess] Sc(628,...,632) 

 [Left] We find again Bernardino Lanceta with another beautiful and Famous series ,showing us the breathtaking view of Rio de Janeiro in a series commemorating one more Congress of the Rotary International...
1948 "AIR MAIL / 39th Congress of Rotary,Rio de Janeiro" (2) [Des (Bernardino Lanceta)][Engr (R.da Fonseca)][Recess] Sc(C66,C67)
[Right] beautiful,simple but very beautiful..! a great example of the Excellency of some Brazilian stamps.!.. 
1948 "AIR MAIL / Centenary of the National School of Music" (1) [Des (A. Fagundes)][Recess] Sc(C70)

 now,  for a change ,here are two [Litho] printings.. very nice stamps ..nothing to say about designs,engravings or printings except the annoying fact of don't know who were the people involved in the process..! it is a shame that the work of so many good people was deliberately forgotten ,hidden somewhere inside a Gigantic Machine that only print, print, and print...! well ,this is what we have and we must live with it....
[Left] 1952 "500th Anniversary of Queen Isabella of Spain" (1) [Litho] Sc(717)
[Right] 1952 "Stamp Day / 2nd São Paulo Philatelic Exhibition" (1) [Litho] Sc(727)

I have many more Brazilian stamps to show,but I have to stop here because this is already a long post with many conversation between me , me and perhaps some of you...this time I really talked a lot..! Sorry!!